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ⓘ Raimundo Lull




Raimundo Lull
                                     

ⓘ Raimundo Lull

Raimundo Lull, kwa Kikatalunya Ramon Llull, kwa Kilatini Raymundus Lullus au Lullius, T.O.F., alikuwa mwandishi na mwanafalsafa kutoka Majorca

Anaheshimika kama mtu wa kwanza kuandika kitabu muhimu kwa lugha ya Kikatalunya.

Maandishi yaliyopatikana karibuni yanaonyesha kuwa aliwahi wengine karne kadhaa katika kutoa mapendekezo juu ya upigaji kura.

Tena anahesabika kati ya watangulizi wa nadharia ya hesabu, hasa kwa jinsi alivyomuathiri Gottfried Leibniz.

Wafransisko wenzake wanamheshimu kama mfiadini. Alitangazwa mwenye heri na Papa Pius IX mwaka 1857.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 30 Juni.

                                     

1. Maandishi marrufu

Llull anajulikana kuwa aliandika vitabu 265, kati yake:

  • Ars electionis on voting
  • Llibre qui es de lordre de cavalleria The Book of the Order of Chivalry written between 1279 and 1283
  • Llibre de meravelles
  • Blanquerna a novel; 1283
  • Artifitium electionis personarum on voting
  • Book of Propositions
  • Practica compendiosa
  • Desconhort on the superiority of reason
  • The Book of the Lover and the Beloved
  • Tractatus novus de astronomia
  • Book of the Seven Planets
  • Ars Brevis The Short Art ; an abbreviated version of the Ars Magna
  • Book of the Gentile and the Three Wise Men
  • Liber Chaos The Book of Chaos
  • Ars Magna The Great Art 1305 or Ars Generalis Ultima The Ultimate General Art
  • Liber de Lumine The Book of Light
  • Ars notatoria
  • Introductoria Artis demonstrativae
  • Liber Proverbiorum Book of Proverbs
  • Ars Infusa The Inspired Art
  • Book on the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit
  • Larbre de ciència, Arbor scientiae "Tree of Science" 1295
Tafsiri
  • Le Livre des mille proverbes 2008, ISBN 9782953191707, Éditions de la Merci, editions orange.fr
  • Ramon Llulls New Rhetoric, text and translation of Llulls Rethorica Nova, edited and translated by Mark D. Johnston, Davis, California: Hermagoras Press, 1994
  • Selected Works of Ramon Llull 1232‑1316, edited and translated by Anthony Bonner, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press 1985, two volumes XXXI + 1330 pp.
                                     

2. Marejeo

  • Antonio Monserat Quintana, La Visión Lulliana del Mundo Derecho Palma de Mallorca: Institut dEstudis Baleàrics 1987.
  • Lorenzo Riber, Raimundo Lulio Barcelona: Editorial Labor 1935, 1949.
  • J. N. Hillgarth, Ramon Lull and Lullism in Fourteenth-Century France Oxford University 1971.
  • Martin Gardner has written extensively about Llull. His analyses can be found in Logic Machines and Diagrams and Science - Good, Bad and Bogus.
  • William Theodore Aquila Barber, Raymond Lull, the illuminated doctor: a study in mediaeval missions, London: C.H. Kelly, 1903.
  • Alexander Fidora and Josep E. Rubio, Raimundus Lullus, An Introduction to His Life, Works and Thought, Turnhout: Brepols, 2008.
  • William Thomas Walsh, Characters of the Inquisition, Tan Books and Publishers, Inc 1940. ISBN 0-89555-326-0
  • Anthony Bonner ed., Doctor Illuminatus. A Ramon Llull Reader Princeton University 1985, includes The Book of the Gentile and the Three Wise Men, The Book of the Lover and the Beloved, The Book of the Beasts, and Ars brevis ; as well as Bonners "Historical Background and Life" at 1-44, "Llulls Thought" at 45-56, "Llulls Influence: The History of Lullism" at 57-71.
  • Samuel Marinus Zwemer, Raymund Lull, first missionary to the Moslems, New York and London: Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1902; reprinted by Diggory Press, 2006, ISBN 978-1-84685-301-2
  • Pereira Michela, The Alchemical Corpus attributed to Raymond Lull, London: The Warburg Institute, 1989.
  • Frances Yates, "Lull and Bruno" 1982, in Collected Essays: Lull & Bruno, vol. I, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  • Mark D. Johnston, The Spiritual Logic of Ramón Llull, Oxford: Clarenden Press, 1987.
  • Frances Yates includes a brief chapter on Lull in "The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age" London, Ark Paperbacks 1979.
  • Anthony Bonner, The Art and Logic of Ramon Llull: A Users Guide, Leiden: Brill, 2007.
                                     

3. Viungo vya nje

  • Raymund Lull: First Missionary to the Muslims by Samuel M. Zwemer
  • Catholic Encyclopedia article of 1911
  • Ramon Llull Database, University of Barcelona
  • Ramon Llull in LletrA, Catalan Literature Online Open University of Catalonia Kiingereza Kihispania Kikatala
  • Selected images from Practica compendiosa From The College of Physicians of Philadelphia Digital Library
  • Esteve Jaulent:The Theory of Knowledge and the Unity of Man according to Ramon Llull Archived Julai 20, 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  • Who was Ramon Llull? Centre de Documentació Ramon Llull, Universitat de Barcelona Archived Machi 13, 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  • OConnor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Raimundo Lull", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
  • Blessed Raymond Lull
  • Ramon Llull at the AELC Association of Writers in Catalan Language. Webpage in Catalan, English and Spanish.
  • Site with fulltexts of Raymond Lulls books. Also music based on Lullian arts.
  • The Ultimate General Art Archived Julai 2, 2007 at the Wayback Machine.


                                     
  • wanateolojia kwa ubora wa maandishi yake juu ya mang amuzi ya kiroho, na Raimundo Lull mwandishi, mwanzilishi wa seminari ya kimisionari na hatimaye mfiadini

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